Legend says that this image was painted by St. Luke on a table top that belonged to Mary. From Jerusalem, St. Helena took the painting to Constantinople where it remained for 500 years, eventually being in the possession of Prince Ladislaus of Poland in the 1400’s. During an attack on the castle at Belz, an arrow struck the painting in the throat. To protect it, he was going to move it to the city of Opala. Stopping in Czestochova for the night, the horses refused to move on the morning of August 26, 1382.
St. Ladislaus had a church and monastery built there for the Pauline Fathers, who have cared for the painting since. In 1430 the monastery was attacked by the Hussites, who put the painting in a wagon with other stolen items. The horses refused to move. When the Hussites learned of this happening before, they threw the painting to the ground. One of them struck the painting twice with his sword, but on the third attempt, fell to the ground in agony until his death. All attempts to repair the scars have failed, they always reappear. The portrait faced numerous other threats, but miracles continued to protect it.
The accounts of many miracles and cures, attributed to this painting of Our Lady, are preserved in the archives of the Pauline Fathers at Jasna Gora.
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